Student Development

Student Development 1

There is no question that our students are experiencing development in a way that can only be paralleled to their early years of infancy.  As described in the text, during the teenage years they are developing physically, cognitively, socially and even morally. They are in essence developing into adults with established personalities. They are establishing their self identity.  In Terms of social development the text emphasises the following three areas. (1) changes in self-concept and in relationships among students and teachers (2) changes in basic needs or personal motives (3) changes in sense of rights and responsibilities.  All of these developments impact the classroom. Erick Erickson describes these developments as crises and specifically from the age of 12 - 19 he refers to the crises as identity and role confusion.

The text also refers to the cognitive development of students as described by Jean Piaget.  During the teenage years their cognitive development allows for “ formal logic becomes possible and verbal explanations of concepts are usually sufficient without demonstration. Strategy-based games become more enjoyable, whereas rote games like “chutes-and-ladders” become repetitive.” (Psychology Notes, 2018).  At this stage they are developing the ability to process information logically and think more deeply.

They are formulating an understanding of the world around them and their place in it.  They are beginning to establish who they are and as an educator I understand that this can lead to behavioral challenges in the classroom.  This is why patience and understanding of the teenage brain is crucial.


Psychology Notes, Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development (2018) retrieved from on 5/4/2018