Hattie states that he believes feedback aims mainly towards helping one fill in the "gap" between what they currently have and what their end result could be. He lays out several different types of feedback and explains in specifics, exactly how each of those types would be beneficial to all students. A key point that kept coming up in this chapter was the concept of "understanding" and how it is one of the most important things when it comes to feedback. If the feedback isn't delivered in a matter where the student would understand what is being suggested to them, that would result in an unsuccessful feedback session. 

Three important questions are asked when it comes to giving students he feedback that they need to excel: Where am I going? How am I going? Where to next?

When sitting down with your teacher, it is important to have somewhat of an idea of where you want to go with whatever assignment it is you may be working on. Coming up with some ideas or goals is always a great start. It is also important to be familiar with which path you would like to go down and the steps you want to take in order to achieve your goals. The last question asks to think further beyond just this one specific assignment and  think into the future to where you see yourself next. You can answer this question by challenging yourself and setting even more in-depth goals. 

There are also four separate levels of feedback: Task or product, process, self-regulating and the self. When reading about this and thinking about these levels more seriously, I began to understand the importance of them.  

Task or product is important in order to build up the knowledge with what you are doing. This feedback is also very straight forward, for instance you could either be told you are correct or incorrect with your information. Process is the next level and now that you're set with your tasks and ideas, its a little easier to see the road map in front of you and plan your next steps going forward. Self-regulation to me is one of the most important forms of feedback because you're taking what other people have to say and you're understanding that to your own knowledge. It is vital to be able to monitor your process and be confident with your work and ideas. The self is the last level and this feedback in directed towards the student in general so that they have a second to forget about their work and just concentrate on the praise they are getting. For example: praise for being a good student. 

Lastly there are seven mediators of feedback and achievement: Giving is not receiving, the culture of the student can influence the feedback effects, disconfirmation is more powerful than confirmation, errors need to be welcomed, the power of peers, feedback from assessment and there are many strategies to maximize the power of feedback. Overall, all of these stuck out to me and I believe that these mediators really set the foundation for giving feedback to students. 

I agree with everything that Hattie stated in this chapter and I definitely have more of an understanding of feedback after reading this. 

Teachers need certain skills and qualities in order to be considered a "great teacher" in today's world. I feel that these components of feedback 100% relate to the skills and qualities that were discussed during class. In order to work with students to better their work, methods towards learning and their understanding towards several subjects, teachers must have patience, knowledge, passion and motivation. Without a teacher's patience, students will not the feedback they need to its entirety. Without a teacher's knowledge in the area of study, they will not be able to give students proper information precisely or promptly. Without a teacher's passion, it will be obvious to students that they aren't happy teaching the subject so why should they be happy learning it. And teachers need the motivation to encourage their students to do their best work, to never give up and to take their feedback as constructive criticism. 

    • Gerald Ardito
      Gerald Ardito


      You did an excellent job summarizing the reading and connecting it to our work in the class thus far.

      Your response was very thorough and thoughtful.

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